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What Are the Differences Between UTF-8 and GB2312?

 

What Are the Differences Between UTF-8 and GB2312?

 

Import Note to Beginners: If you have no idea on how to choose a file encoding even if you have read this tutorial, wed like to help you make a simple decision:

1) If your website is mainly oriented to non-Chinese visitors, please choose UTF-8, it is international versatility better.

2) If your website is mainly oriented to Chinese visitors, wed suggest GB2312. 

 

                                                        (Location: Menu Bar > Tools > Options > Basic)

 

 

Brief Introduction to UTF-8

 

UTF-8 (UCS Transformation Format8-bit) is a variable-width encoding that can represent every character in the Unicode character set. It was designed for backward compatibility with ASCII and to avoid the complications of endianness and byte order marks in UTF-16 and UTF-32.

UTF-8 has become the dominant character encoding for the World-Wide Web, accounting for more than half of all Web pages. The Internet Mail Consortium (IMC) recommends that all e-mail programs be able to display and create mail using UTF-8. UTF-8 is also increasingly being used as the default character encoding in operating systems, programming languages, APIs, and software applications.

UTF-8 encodes each of the 1,112,064 code points in the Unicode character set using one to four 8-bit bytes (termed 'octets' in the Unicode Standard). Code points with lower numerical values (i.e. earlier code positions in the Unicode character set, which tend to occur more frequently) are encoded using fewer bytes. The first 128 characters of Unicode, which correspond one-to-one with ASCII, are encoded using a single octet with the same binary value as ASCII, making valid ASCII text valid UTF-8-encoded Unicode as well.

The official IANA code for the UTF-8 character encoding is UTF-8.

Learn more about UTF-8 from Wikipedia >>

 

Brief Introduction to GB2312

 

GB2312 is the registered internet name for a key official character set of the People's Republic of China, used for simplified Chinese characters. GB abbreviates Guojia Biaozhun, which means national standard in Chinese.

GB2312 (1980) has been superseded by GBK and GB18030, which include additional characters, but GB2312 is nonetheless still in widespread use.

While GB2312 covers 99.75% of the characters used for Chinese input, historical texts and many names remain out of scope. GB2312 includes 6,763 Chinese characters (on two levels: the first is arranged by reading, the second by radical then number of strokes), along with symbols and punctuation, Japanese kana, the Greek and Cyrillic alphabets, Zhuyin, and a double-byte set of Pinyin letters with tone marks.

There is an analogous character set known as GB/T 12345, closely related to GB2312, but with traditional character forms replacing simplified forms. GB-encoded fonts often come in pairs, one with the GB 2312 (Simplified Chinese) character set and the other with the GB/T 12345 (Complicated Chinese) character set.

Learn more about GB2312 from Wikipedia >> 

 

 

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